Telescopic tracking of Molniyas -- four papers

From: Ed Cannon (
Date: Thu Dec 14 2000 - 21:10:35 PST

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    For those interested in Molniyas and/or telescopic tracking of
    high-altitude satellites, there are four very relevant, related 
    papers listed on a site of the Department of Physics of the Royal 
    Military College of Canada.  It's a project called (in English) 
    "CASTOR" -- "Canadian Automatic Small Telescopes for Orbital 
    Research").  The project's stated goal is:  "To produce a fully 
    automated satellite tracking network of small telescopes across 
    Canada."  Here's the page with links to the four papers:

    The papers describe equipment (telescopes, cameras/CCDs, computer
    hardware and software), methods of observation and analysis of 
    data, results, and include quite a few interesting photos (one 
    captured two Molniyas captured in one field of view!).  There are 
    also illustrations, such as Molniya orbits and ground tracks.  For 
    some reason some of the photos of Molniya 1 satellites say they 
    were taken at the United States Air Force (USAF) Museum.  When did 
    Russia give the USA a full-size model of the Molniya Type 1?)  The 
    first, "early paper" (1997) was cited here on SeeSat before but is 
    now at a different URL.
    The site has a French version as well as English, but the papers 
    seem to be only in English currently.
    Ed Cannon - - Austin, Texas, USA
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