LEWIS satellite. KOROLEV book.

JAY RESPLER (jrespler@InJersey.com)
Mon, 29 Sep 1997 02:17:13 -0400 (EDT)

Some excerpts from the email News list that I send out:

          September 28, 1997

          NASA Satellite Plunges Into Earth
          By The Associated Press

          LOS ANGELES (AP) -- NASA's Lewis satellite plunged into
          Earth's atmosphere Sunday and apparently burned up over
          the south Atlantic off the coast of Antarctica, the
          U.S. Space Command reported.

          The 890-pound satellite, which was intended for a
          5-year mission but went into an uncontrolled spin four
          days after its Aug. 22 launch, re-entered the
          atmosphere at 4:58 a.m. PDT, Navy Cmdr. David Knox said
          from the Space Command's Cheyenne Mountain headquarters
          near Colorado Springs.

          The Space Command confirmed that Lewis re-entered after
          its detectors failed to find the satellite during three
          predicted orbits.

          The satellite's final orbit took it 98 miles above the
          Earth's surface at its highest point and 91 miles at
          its lowest point. It was traveling at approximately
          17,000 mph.
          Excessive firing of one of the thrusters in the
          attitude control system started the spin, NASA
          engineers believe.

Also from my Email News List, this is part of a review from the Sun. Times 
Book Section. 
Very appropriate with the 40th anniversary of Sputnik 1 coming up on Oct 4.

          September 28, 1997
          Father of Sputnik
          By ALEX ROLAND
          Sergei P. Korolev gave the Soviet Union a head start in
          the space race.

          [I] n May 1957, William           ---------------------
              Holaday, an American oil      KOROLEV
          company executive, assumed the    How One Man
          role of special assistant for     Masterminded the
          guided missiles to the            Soviet Drive to Beat
          Secretary of Defense. The         America to the Moon.
          press soon labeled him the        By James Harford.
          missile czar. His job was to      Illustrated. 392 pp.
          straighten out the                New York:
          bureaucratic confusion then       John Wiley & Sons.
          plaguing development of           $30.
          ballistic missiles in the         ---------------------
          United States. He failed.
          Within months of his
          appointment, the Soviet Union secretly launched the
          world's first intercontinental ballistic missile. In
          October of that year, using the same rocket, it
          launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite of

          The driving force behind these Soviet achievements
          deserved the title missile czar more than Holaday did.
          Sergei Pavlovich Korolev ruled the Soviet space program
          by dint of will, forceful management and technical
          understanding. If he had any counterparts in the United
          States they were Wernher von Braun, the mastermind of
          the Saturn launch vehicle that carried the Apollo
          missions to the moon, and Gen. Bernard A. Schriever,
          the developer of the Atlas and Titan ballistic
          missiles. But his achievements, as James Harford
          explains in ''Korolev,'' exceeded theirs. In addition
          to the first ballistic missile and the first satellite,
          he was also responsible for the first spacecraft to hit
          the moon, the first photographs of the far side of the
          moon and the first manned space flight. Yuri Gagarin's
          single orbit of earth on April 12, 1961, was the crown
          jewel of Korolev's remarkable four-year run.

Jay Respler
Details of how to get on the Satellite Observer Mail List, elements, prediction
programs and other satellite information, at the Visual Satellite Observers
Home Page: http://www2.plasma.mpe-garching.mpg.de/sat/satintro.html
    Satellite Tracker * Early Typewriter Collector
               Freehold, New Jersey